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NCERT Solutions For Class 12 Geography – Class 12 Geography Book Solutions

NCERT Solutions For Class 12 Geography are provided on this page to help students in answering the difficult questions provided at the end of each chapter. We have provided these answers in simple and understandable language. These NCERT Solutions are provided by a team of subject experts with good experience teaching the relevant topics. We encourage the students of the Class 12 NCERT Syllabus to read the concepts in the chapter well before trying to answer the questions in the exercise. If they need any guidance, they can always return to this page for a detailed explanation.

NCERT Solutions For Class 12 Geography – Free Solutions For Class 12 Geography

NCERT Class 12 Solutions Geography is prepared to keep in mind that most of the students will have to get a  good understanding of the topics and concepts in a detailed manner with suitable explanations. Students can share this material freely with other classmates and friends, so they can also benefit from this material as well.

NCERT Solutions For Class 12 Geography – All Chapters

  • Chapter 1 Human Geography (Nature and Scope)
  • Chapter 2 The World Population (Distribution, Density, and Growth)
  • Chapter 3 Population Composition
  • Chapter 4 Human Development
  • Chapter 5 Primary Activities
  • Chapter 6 Secondary Activities
  • Chapter 7 Tertiary and Quaternary Activities
  • Chapter 8 Transport and Communication
  • Chapter 9 International Trade
  • Chapter 10 Human Settlements

NCERT Solutions Class 12 Geography Chapter 1 Human Geography (Nature and Scope)

NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 1 deals with the nature and scope of Geography. How landforms are distributed over the planet, types, vegetations, naturalization of humans and humanization of nature, environmentalism, possibilism, etc.

NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 2 The World Population (Distribution, Density, and Growth)

Patterns of population distribution in the world, the density of population, factors influencing the distribution of population, and Population growth, are some of the important topics in NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 2. Components of population change, migration, trends in population, the push factors and pull factors, and spatial patterns of population change, are important from a board exam’s perspective.

NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 3 Population Composition

NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 3 has topics like sex composition, age structure, age-sex pyramid, declining population, Rural-urban composition, Literacy, Occupational structure, etc. What is the percentage of composition of the rural and urban populations, etc., are discussed here.

NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 4 Human Development

NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 4 contains the topics like four pillars of human development equity, sustainability, productivity, empowerment, and how to measure human development are discussed in this chapter.

NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 5 Primary Activities

Primary activities of human-like hunting and gathering, herding, livestock breeding, and agriculture, are provided in NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 5.

NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 6 Secondary Activities

As a continuation from the previous chapter, NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 6 gives us an understanding of secondary activities like manufacturing, about the factors that provide growth in this area like access to raw material, access to labor supply, access to sources of energy, etc.

NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 7 Tertiary and Quaternary Activities

NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 7 introduces us to wholesale trading, transport, communication,  factors affecting transport, tourism, etc. These are some of the things and tertiary activities that people are involved in.

NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 8 Transport and Communication

Various modes of transportation, like land transport, highways, metalled and unmetalled roads, trains, ships, etc., are discussed in NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 8. Waterways formed one of the main trade routes across the world and played a major role in which countries took over.

NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 9 International Trade

NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 9 explains to us how colonial people were taken and sold over to the foreign nations as slaves, which is overexploitation of human resources, Important aspects of International trade, regional trade blocks, world trade organization, and ports, are discussed in this chapter.

NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 10 Human Settlements

NCERT Class 12 Geography Chapter 10 discusses the classification of human settlements, the types, and patterns of settlements, classification of urban settlements, which are some of the important concepts in this lesson.