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Class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 3 Deep Water NCERT Solutions
Notice These Words And Expressions In The Text. Infer Their Meaning From The Context.
- Treacherous: unpredictable danger; not dependable or trustworthy. The Yakima River was treacherous
- Subdued my pride: to lower or restrain the intensity of self-respect and confidence
- Misadventure: an incident that turns out to be a disaster
- Bob to the surface like a cork: it means that the author moved quickly up and down in the water and came on the surface of the water like a cork.
- Flailed at the surface: to strike or lash out vigorously at the surface of the water in trying to come out
- Curtain of life fell: it means that the author moved his arms and legs around without control at the surface of the water
- Fishing for landlocked salmon: to go fishing for a specific variety of salmon available in certain lakes
- Back and forth across the pool: to swim across the swimming pool from one side to the other
Think As You Read (Page 27)
Q1. What is the “misadventure” that William Douglas speaks about?
Answer: William O. Douglas had just learned swimming. Douglas refers to the near-drowning episode at the Y.M.C.A swimming pool is a ‘misadventure’. One day an eighteen-year-old big brisure picked him up and tossed him into the nine feet deep end of the pool. He swallowed water and went at once to the bottom. He nearly died in his misadventure.
Q2. What were the series of emotions and fears that Douglas experienced when he was thrown into the pool? What plans did he make to come to the surface?
Answer: Douglas was soo frightened when he was thrown into the pool. But later he was not frightened out of his wits. He made a plan, when he hit the bottom he would make a long jump. So that he would come out of the surface, lie flat on it, and paddle to the edge of the pool.
Q3. How did this experience affect him?
Answer: The near-death experience of drowning had a very strong impact on his psychology. This experience made him weak and trembling. He was shooked and cried when he played in bed. He could not eat anything that night. He was deeply perturbed and shaken by this experience. Haunting fear took place in his heart for many years. The slightest exertion upset him, making me wobbly in the knees and sick to my stomach. He feared water, so he did not go back to the pool. He used to avoid water whenever he could.
Think As You Read (Page29)
Q1. Why was Douglas determined to get over his fear of water?
Answer: Douglas’s fear of water ruined his fishing trips and deprived him of the joy of Canoeing, Boating, Fishing, and Swimming. He used to overcome his all fears, but they held him firmly in their grip. Finally, he determined to get an instructor and learn swimming to get over his fear of water.
Q2. How did the instructor “build a swimmer” out of Douglas?
Answer: The instructor build a swimmer out of Douglas gradually according to his Psychology, moved on to his physical movements, and then integrated each part. He held him high on a rope attached to his belt for three months. Douglas swims back and forth across the swimming pool. While Douglas was in the pool, the instructor used an elaborate mechanism with a rope, belt, pulley, and an overhead cable to help them connect. Panic seized the author every time. Then the instructor taught him to put his face underwater and exhale, and to raise his nose and inhale. This made him overcome his fear of putting his head underwater. Next, the instructor held him at the side of the pool and had him kick with his legs for many weeks till these relaxed. After seven months the instructor told Douglas to swim the length of the pool.
Q3. How did Douglas make sure that he conquered the old terror?
Answer: Douglas still felt terror-stricken when he was alone in the pool. He was still not satisfied. So he went to the Lake Wentworth in New Hampshire, dived off a dock at Triggs Island, and swam two miles across the lake. Douglas has many doubts even after he learned to swim. The next morning Douglas stripped, dived into the lake, and swam across to the other shore and back just as Douglas Corpron used to do. He had conquered his fear of water.
Understanding The Text (Page 29)
Q1. How does Douglas make clear to the reader the sense of panic that gripped him as he almost drowned? Describe the details that have made the description vivid?
Answer: Douglas tells about their feelings and efforts to save himself from getting drowned. Once Douglas was sitting alone at the Y.M.C.A pool waiting for others to come. Suddenly, Douglas was pulled into the deep end of the YMCA swimming pool by a strong boy. He landed up in a sitting position, swallowing water. He was soo frightened but as he went down he decided to make a big jump when his feet would hit the bottom of the pool. He would decide to make a big jump to come out of the pool when he touches the bottom of the pool. So that he will come up to the surface, lie flat, and paddle to the edge. For example, The nine feet felt ninety, My lungs were ready to burst, I came up slowly, I opened my eyes and saw nothing but water… I grew panicky, I was suffocating, I tried to yell, but no sound came out.
Q2. How did Douglas overcome his fear of water?
Answer: Douglas took the help of an instructor to learn swimming. For three months he was taken across the pool with the help of a rope. The instructor held it at the end of the rope. As he went terror filled him and his legs froze. The instructor taught him to exhale underwater and inhale through the raised nose. He made him kick his legs to make them relax. This is how Douglas learned swimming step by step. After that he asked to swim, Only once did the terror return to some extent when he was in the middle of the lake. He overcome his fear and started swimming. Still, he had not satisfied. So Douglas went to ensure that he has conquered his fear of water. Douglas went to Lake Wentworth in New Hampshire and dived off a dock at Triggs Island. He swam two miles across the lake to Stamp Act Island. He swam the crawl, breaststroke, sidestroke, and backstroke. He shouted with joy and he had conquered his fear of water.
Q3. Why does Douglas as an adult recount a childhood experience of terror and his conquering of it? What larger meaning does he draw from this experience?
Answer: As an adult, Douglas recollects his childhood experience of terror. The fear of being surrounded by the water, the fear of putting his head in the water, the fear of choking, and the fear of his limbs going numb couldn’t have been explained to a reader unacquainted with Douglas’ childhood experience. In that case, the elaborate strategy adopted by the author and the time taken by him to learn or master even simple things, though put in the perspective of his fear of water, couldn’t have been understood properly.
Douglas indicates the larger meaning that he draws from his experience that his terrors exist only the fears of death as Roosevelt says ‘All We Have To Fear Is The Fear Itself’. Douglas had felt both the sensation of the death and the terror that it can elicit, his desire to live had grown stronger.
Talking About The Text
Q1. “All we have to fear is fear itself”. Have you ever had a fear that you have now overcome? Share your experience with your partner.
Answer: Directions: All the people have faced and overcome some sort of fear. remember those memories from your life when you had a similar experience. It could be anything related to hobbies that you now enjoy but were previously afraid of.
Public speaking, Seminars, Driving, competing, skating, dancing, and overcoming stage fright are just a few examples. After you get those memories think about why you are afraid or scared of those experiences.
Recall the efforts you and others made to assist you in getting rid of it. Discuss the details of your experience with your classmate. Also, talk about how you felt when you realized you had completely overcome the fear.
Q2. Find and narrate other stories about the conquest of fear and what people have said about courage. For example, you can recall Nelson Mandela’s struggle for freedom, and his perseverance to achieve his mission, to liberate the oppressed and the oppressor as depicted in his autobiography. The story We’re Not Afraid To Die, which you have read in Class XI, is an apt example of how courage and optimism helped a family survive under the direst stress.
Answer: Nelson Mandela’s autobiography “Long Walk To Freedom”, describes the excellent story of his life. Nelson Mandela describes the struggle to reconcile his political activity with his devotion to his family. The anguished breakup of his first marriage, and the painful separations from his children. He brings vividly to life the escalating political warfare in the fifties between the ANC and the Government. He culminated in his dramatic escapades as an underground leader and the notorious Rivonia Trial of 1964, in which he was sentenced to life imprisonment. He recounts the surprisingly eventful twenty-seven years in prison and the complex, delicate negotiations that led both to his freedom and to the beginning of the end of apartheid. Finally, in 1990, he was freed from prison. He became South Africa’s first black President.
Thinking About Language
Q1. If someone else had narrated Douglas’s experience, how would it have differed from this account? Write out a sample paragraph or paragraphs from this text from the point of view of a third person or observer, to find out which style of narration would you consider to be more effective? Why?
Answer: If someone else had narrated Douglas’s experience, the impact of the story is detached and objective. It may lose the reader’s deep connection with the main protagonist and his fear of water. I would consider the first-person narrative style more effective as it is quite authentic and depicts everything faithfully.
Sample paragraph on third-person narration of Douglas Experience:
From the beginning, however, he had an aversion to the water when he was in it. This started when he was three or four years old and his father took him to the beach in California. He and his father stood together in the surf. He has hung on to his father, yet the waves knocked him down and swept over them. He was buried in water. His breath was gone. He was frightened. His father laughed, but there was terror in his heart at the overpowering force of the waves.
I think for such experiences, the first-person narration is better as compared to the third-person narration. Because the first-person narration keeps the story or experience or incidents more interesting for the readers or listeners.
Q1. Doing well in any activity, for example, a sport, music, dance or painting, riding a motorcycle or a car, involves a great deal of struggle. Most of us are very nervous, to begin with until gradually we overcome our fears and perform well.
Write an essay of about five paragraphs recounting such an experience. Try to recollect minute details of what caused the fear, your feelings, the encouragement you got from others, or the criticism.
You could begin with the last sentence of the essay you have just read — “At last, I felt released — free to walk the trails and climb the peaks and to brush aside fear.”
Answer: MY Experience Of Riding A Motorcycle
At last, I felt released, free to walk the trails and climb the peaks and brush aside fear. This fear of injuries is my old enemy. When I was in childhood I have so fear to learn the tricycle. I lost the balance to ride the cycle and fell down.
When I grew older, I had a wish to learn a motorcycle. Riding a motorcycle on roads has shivered me. I would hit someone on the roads or hit something and fall down when I ride a motorcycle. Sometimes the injuries took soo much time to heal. But when I fell down I felt annoyed and cursed my fear. But when I completed my tenth class my father gifted me a motorcycle. My friend helps me to learn about motorcycles. He explained the functions of various parts of the motorcycle. He took me to the playground. He sat behind me and give me guidance to ride a motorcycle. At first, I may not handle it, but I perspired from head to foot. He encourages me a lot and again started driving the motorcycle. He held me firmly at first When I had learned to start the vehicle. At first, I started the motorcycle, changed the gear, increased the speed of the motorcycle, and stop the vehicle. He told me to take around on the highway. I started driving on the highway. I got fear When I turned the motorcycle on the turnings, my friend balanced me not to fall down. He trained me how to avoid vehicles on roads. I used to practice only on the right side of the road. But later when I practiced more on the roads I lost all fear and now I am riding the motorcycle without fear. Now I drove the motorcycle with my friends and returned safely home.
Q2. Write a short letter to someone you know about your having learned to do something new.
ABC, Gandhi Nagar
25 April 2022
I hope you are doing well and feel happy when you receive this letter. I have something interesting to share with you this time. I learned drawing this summer. My exams were over last week. So I would like to do anything new and useful. I asked my mom to teach drawing. But they were busy with their work. So my father joined me in a drawing institution in our locality. They took Rs. 3000 for drawing classes. The master was so talented, he learned me the tricks and types of shades in the drawing. It has been over a month now and I have learned a lot.
This year I am participating in the drawing competition. I have learned the new drawings to attempt in the competition. I am practicing more to win the competition. I would feel my spirits flying high. I will update you about my progress after a few days.
Do let me know about your hobbies or summer classes. Convey my regards to your parents.
Things To Do
Q1. Are there any water sports in India? Find out about the areas or places which are known for water sports.
|Water Sports||Places for water sports|
|Scuba Diving||Andaman Islands, Dugong Reef, Havelock Island, Lakshadweep Islands|
|Snorkelling||Lakshadweep, Andaman, and the Nicobar Islands|
|Canoeing and Kayaking||Rishikesh, Teesta River, Goa, Mumbai, Dal Lake, Nagin Lake, Wular lake|
|Water Skiing||Goa, Andaman And Nicobar Islands, and Lakshadweep, & Nagin Lake|
|River Rafting||Ganga river (Rishikesh), Zanskar river (Ladakh), Beas River(Manali), Brahmaputra river(Pasighat), Kundalika river (Kolad)|
|Angling and Fishing||Balukpung (Assam), Beas (Kullu Valley)|